If you are considering using wood as a flooring material, you should learn a bit more about the process of manufacturing hardwood. Not all wooden floors are equal, so before purchasing wooden planks, read this article and find out about the manufacturing process.
Types of Wooden Floorings
There are 3 main types of wooden floorings:
- Solid (also known as hardwood).
- Engineered (or compressed) wood.
- Acrylic impregnated wood.
Each of these types of floorings is created of wood. Each has advantages and disadvantages, fits into various interiors, has special characteristics, etc. Let’s deep into details.
Hardwood flooring is traditionally constructed of planks. Just like laminate, a wooden plank has a tongue and a groove. When installing hardwood flooring, a click-in method is used. But before hardwood flooring appears in the shop, it has to be manufactured properly.
The process of manufacturing wooden floorings starts from cutting a tree and then cutting it into logs. If the quality of the tree is good and the pattern is nice, then it is chosen for floorings.
Chosen logs are then cut into planks that are later used in the installation process. There are three basic methods used to cut a log into planks. These methods affect the price and quality of future flooring:
- Plain sawn lumber – has a nice and attractive pattern characteristic for wood. It’s the most popular type of cut.
- Quartersawn lumber – the tree is cut into quarters, then these quarters are cut into strips.
- Rift sawn lumber – this cut provides better quality flooring, but it’s more expensive. Cuts the tree at a different than a quarter cut angle.
Then these cut boards are graded and planned from all sides to smooth the surface. The next step is to create a plank. A special machine is used to cut a groove and a tongue which creates a click-in mechanism. Then the planks are covered with a special finish.
The best thing about solid hardwood is its longevity. The pattern of the wooden floor can be refreshed or restored to its original view. It means that such a type of flooring can be maintained for dozens of years and it will look new.
This type of floor is a cheaper version of hardwood. It is constructed of different scraps and byproducts of lumber. These byproducts are glued together and compressed to form a solid board. That’s why sometimes you can hear a term compressed wood rather than engineered wood.
The basic compressed board is either laminated or covered with a veneer of real hardwood. The baseboard is considered to be more dimensionally stable which makes engineered wood a great choice for using over concrete floors or even heating systems.
As mentioned, the core board is covered by a real hardwood veneer. There are 3 methods of cutting the hardwood veneer:
- Dry solid-sawn – eventually, looks exactly like hardwood. The most expensive cut.
- Rotary-peel – the log is boiled at a certain temperature for some time. It’s a preparation process. When the preparations are over, the wood is scrapped from the lumber with a blade.
- Sliced-peel – also involves boiling wood for some amount of time. Then the wood is being sliced and compressed to form a veneer that is glued on top of a wooden core board.
The first cut looks exactly like hardwood, although the price is higher than rotary or sliced peels. The next best cut is sliced-peel since it provides good quality at a relatively low price.
Engineered wood is used as basic material, and it is impregnated with a special stain and acrylic substance (of liquid type). As a result, the engineered wood is strengthened since the acrylic substance penetrates wooden cells and supports the overall wood structure.
These enhanced plans are more durable, gain resistance to mechanical damage, perfect for heavy-traffic areas. The special stain acrylic substance is forced into the wooden material, which means that the paint won’t wear off. The substance is forced through all wooden layers, so even the scratches won’t be noticeable.
The impregnated acrylic wooden material is more durable, so it’s a great choice for commercial buildings with heavy traffic. It’s extremely difficult to damage such enhanced material, it looks nice and the prices are relatively affordable. The great characteristic feature of this material is that it might be stained (acrylic substance is mixed with paint), or not stained preserving the natural look of a veneer.
Depending on your budget or on the area where you want to install wooden flooring, you may choose from three different types of wooden floors. Hardwood is a classic choice, usually, used in homes to create a cozy and warm atmosphere.
Engineered wood is a cheaper version that looks just like hardwood. And impregnated acrylic wooden flooring is a perfect choice for commercial purposes, especially if an area where it is installed has high traffic. In the Best Flooring Honolulu online store you may find some interesting options for your home or commercial building.