Vinyl plank flooring has become an increasingly popular choice for homeowners looking to upgrade their flooring. However, many people have concerns about the environmental impact of vinyl plank flooring. In this article, we will explore the environmental impact of vinyl plank flooring and whether it is a sustainable flooring option.

What is Vinyl Plank Flooring?

Vinyl plank flooring is a type of synthetic flooring made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC). It is designed to look like real wood or stone, but with added durability and resistance to moisture. Vinyl plank flooring is made up of multiple layers, including a wear layer, design layer, core layer, and backing layer. The wear layer is a protective layer that prevents scratches and stains, while the design layer is a high-resolution image that gives the flooring its wood or stone appearance. The core layer provides stability and the backing layer adds additional support and sound absorption.

Environmental Impact of Vinyl Plank Flooring

Vinyl plank flooring has been the subject of controversy in terms of its environmental impact. One of the main concerns with vinyl plank flooring is the use of PVC, which is a type of plastic made from petroleum. The production and disposal of PVC can have negative environmental impacts, such as releasing toxic chemicals into the air and water. Additionally, PVC production requires a significant amount of energy, contributing to greenhouse gas emissions.

Another environmental concern with vinyl plank flooring is the use of phthalates, which are added to make the flooring more flexible. Phthalates have been linked to health problems such as asthma, reproductive issues, and developmental problems in children. While many vinyl plank flooring manufacturers have reduced or eliminated phthalates in their products, it is still important to check for this ingredient when selecting vinyl plank flooring.

Sustainable Vinyl Plank Flooring Options

Despite the concerns about the environmental impact of vinyl plank flooring, there are sustainable options available. One of the most environmentally friendly vinyl plank flooring options is made from recycled materials, such as recycled PVC or reclaimed wood fibers. Some vinyl plank flooring manufacturers also use eco-friendly manufacturing processes, such as using renewable energy sources and minimizing waste.

Another sustainable option is to look for vinyl plank flooring that has been certified by a third-party organization, such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) or the Resilient Floor Covering Institute (RFCI). These certifications ensure that the flooring has been produced using sustainable materials and practices, and meet strict environmental standards.

Benefits of Vinyl Plank Flooring

While there are concerns about the environmental impact of vinyl plank flooring, it is important to note that there are also many benefits to this type of flooring. Vinyl plank flooring is incredibly durable and long-lasting, with many manufacturers offering warranties of up to 25 years or more. It is also water-resistant, making it a great choice for bathrooms, kitchens, and other high-moisture areas. Vinyl plank flooring is easy to clean and maintain, with no need for refinishing or polishing.

Vinyl plank flooring is also an affordable flooring option, with prices ranging from $2 to $10 per square foot. This makes it a great choice for homeowners on a budget who want the look of hardwood or stone flooring without the high cost.


Vinyl plank flooring can be a sustainable flooring option when made with recycled materials, eco-friendly manufacturing processes, or certified by third-party organizations. While there are concerns about the environmental impact of PVC and phthalates, many vinyl plank flooring manufacturers have taken steps to reduce or eliminate these ingredients. When selecting vinyl plank flooring, it is important to research the manufacturer and look for sustainable options. Overall, vinyl plank flooring is a durable, water-resistant, and affordable flooring choice that can be a sustainable option when produced with the environment in mind.

March 09, 2023 — Borys Rasin

Leave a comment

Please note: comments must be approved before they are published.